American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Pediatric Restorative Dentistry. The Reference Manual of Pediatric Dentistry. Chicago, Ill.: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 371–83 (2020).
Arbildo-Vega, H. I. et al. Clinical effectiveness of bulk-fill and conventional resin composite restorations: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Polymers 12, 1786. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12081786 (2020).
Tauböck, T. T., Schmidlin, P. R. & Attin, T. Vertical bite rehabilitation of severely worn dentitions with direct composite restorations: Clinical performance up to 11 years. J. Clin. Med. 10, 1732. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10081732 (2021).
Pallesen, U. & van Dijken, J. W. A randomized controlled 30 years follow up of three conventional resin composites in Class II restorations. Dent. Mater. 31, 1232–1244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2015.08.146 (2015).
Loomans, B. A. C. et al. Clinical performance of full rehabilitations with direct composite in severe tooth wear patients: 3.5 years results. J. Dent. 70, 97–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2018.01.001 (2018).
Kwon, Y., Ferracane, J. & Lee, I. B. Effect of layering methods, composite type, and flowable liner on the polymerization shrinkage stress of light cured composites. Dent. Mater. 28, 801–809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2012.04.028 (2012).
Tauböck, T. T., Jäger, F. & Attin, T. Polymerization shrinkage and shrinkage force kinetics of high- and low-viscosity dimethacrylate- and ormocer-based bulk-fill resin composites. Odontology 107, 103–110. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-018-0369-y (2019).
Ilie, N. & Hickel, R. Investigations on a methacrylate-based flowable composite based on the SDR™ technology. Dent. Mater. 27, 348–355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2010.11.014 (2011).
El-Damanhoury, H. & Platt, J. Polymerization shrinkage stress kinetics and related properties of bulk-fill resin composites. Oper. Dent. 39, 374–382. https://doi.org/10.2341/13-017-L (2014).
Hirata, R. et al. Shrinkage assessment of low shrinkage composites using micro-computed tomography. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. B Appl. Biomater. 103, 798–806. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.33258 (2015).
Paganini, A., Attin, T. & Tauböck, T. T. Margin integrity of bulk-fill composite restorations in primary teeth. Materials 13, 3802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13173802 (2020).
Peutzfeldt, A., Mühlebach, S., Lussi, A. & Flury, S. Marginal gap formation in approximal “bulk fill” resin composite restorations after artificial ageing. Oper. Dent. 43, 180–189. https://doi.org/10.2341/17-068-L (2018).
Van Ende, A., De Munck, J., Lise, D. P. & Van Meerbeek, B. Bulk-Fill composites: A review of the current literature. J. Adhes. Dent. 19, 95–109. https://doi.org/10.3290/j.jad.a38141 (2017).
Braga, R. R., Ballester, R. Y. & Ferracane, J. L. Factors involved in the development of polymerization shrinkage stress in resin-composites: A systematic review. Dent. Mater. 21, 962–970. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2005.04.018 (2005).
Aminabadi, N. A., Oskouei, S. G. & Farahani, R. M. Dental treatment duration as an indicator of the behavior of 3-to 9-year-old pediatric patients in clinical dental settings. J. Contemp. Dent. Pract. 10, E025-032 (2009).
Katre, A. N. Assessment of the correlation between appointment scheduling and patient satisfaction in a pediatric dental setup. Int. J. Dent. 2014, 453237. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/453237 (2014).
Wilson, P. R. & Beynon, A. D. Mineralization differences between human deciduous and permanent enamel measured by quantitative microradiography. Arch. Oral Biol. 34, 85–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9969(89)90130-1 (1989).
Cleghorn, B. M., Boorberg, N. B. & Christie, W. H. Primary human teeth and their root canal systems. Endod. Top. 23, 6–33. https://doi.org/10.1111/etp.12000 (2010).
Bortolotto, T., Doudou, W., Kunzelmann, K. H. & Krejci, I. The competition between enamel and dentin adhesion within a cavity: An in vitro evaluation of class V restorations. Clin. Oral Investig. 16, 1125–1135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-011-0623-y (2012).
Frankenberger, R. et al. Effect of proximal box elevation with resin composite on marginal quality of ceramic inlays in vitro. Clin. Oral Investig. 17, 177–183. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-012-0677-5 (2013).
Tomaszewska, I. M., Kearns, J. O., Ilie, N. & Fleming, G. J. Bulk fill restoratives: To cap or not to cap-that is the question?. J. Dent. 43, 309–316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2015.01.010 (2015).
de Assis, F. S. et al. Evaluation of bond strength, marginal integrity, and fracture strength of bulk- vs incrementally-filled restorations. J. Adhes. Dent. 18, 317–323. https://doi.org/10.3290/j.jad.a36516 (2016).
Ilie, N., Bucuta, S. & Draenert, M. Bulk-fill resin-based composites: An in vitro assessment of their mechanical performance. Oper. Dent. 38, 618–625. https://doi.org/10.2341/12-395-L (2013).
Swanson, T. K., Feigal, R. J., Tantbirojn, D. & Hodges, J. S. Effect of adhesive systems and bevel on enamel margin integrity in primary and permanent teeth. Pediatr. Dent. 30, 134–140 (2008).
Fröhlich, T. T., Gindri, L. D., Soares, F. Z. M. & de Oliveira Rocha, R. Does the etching strategy influence the bonding of universal adhesive systems to primary teeth? A systematic review and meta-analysis of in vitro studies. Eur. Arch. Paediatr. Dent. 22, 1015–1022. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-021-00639-w (2021).
Ebaya, M. M., Ali, A. I. & Mahmoud, S. H. Evaluation of marginal adaptation and microleakage of three glass ionomer-based class V restorations: In vitro study. Eur. J. Dent. 13, 599–606. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3401435 (2019).
Heintze, S. D. Systematic reviews: I. The correlation between laboratory tests on marginal quality and bond strength. II. The correlation between marginal quality and clinical outcome. J. Adhes. Dent. 9(Suppl 1), 77–106 (2007).
Heintze, S. D. Clinical relevance of tests on bond strength, microleakage and marginal adaptation. Dent. Mater. 29, 59–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2012.07.158 (2013).
Nedeljkovic, I., Teughels, W., De Munck, J., Van Meerbeek, B. & Van Landuyt, K. L. Is secondary caries with composites a material-based problem?. Dent. Mater. 31, e247-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2015.09.001 (2015).
Frankenberger, R., Krämer, N., Lohbauer, U., Nikolaenko, S. A. & Reich, S. M. Marginal integrity: Is the clinical performance of bonded restorations predictable in vitro?. J. Adhes. Dent. 9(Suppl 1), 107–116 (2007).
Par, M., Marovic, D., Attin, T., Tarle, Z. & Tauböck, T. T. Effect of rapid high-intensity light-curing on polymerization shrinkage properties of conventional and bulk-fill composites. J. Dent. 101, 103448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2020.103448 (2020).
Comba, A. et al. Influence of curing mode and layering technique on the 3D interfacial gap of bulk-fill resin composites in deep class-I restorations: A micro-CT volumetric study. J. Adhes. Dent. 23, 421–428. https://doi.org/10.3290/j.jad.b2000229 (2021).
Heintze, S. D., Monreal, D. & Peschke, A. Marginal quality of class II composite restorations placed in bulk compared to an incremental technique: Evaluation with SEM and stereomicroscope. J. Adhes. Dent. 17, 147–154. https://doi.org/10.3290/j.jad.a33973 (2015).
Gerula-Szymańska, A., Kaczor, K., Lewusz-Butkiewicz, K. & Nowicka, A. Marginal integrity of flowable and packable bulk fill materials used for class II restorations: A systematic review and meta-analysis of in vitro studies. Dent. Mater. J. 39, 335–344. https://doi.org/10.4012/dmj.2018-180 (2020).
Par, M. et al. Rapid high-intensity light-curing of bulk-fill composites: A quantitative analysis of marginal integrity. J. Dent. 111, 103708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2021.103708 (2021).
Jung, J. H. & Park, S. H. Comparison of polymerization shrinkage, physical properties, and marginal adaptation of flowable and restorative bulk fill resin-based composites. Oper. Dent. 42, 375–386. https://doi.org/10.2341/16-254-L (2017).
Park, K. J. et al. Evaluation of low-viscosity bulk-fill composites regarding marginal and internal adaptation. Odontology 109, 139–148. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-020-00531-x (2021).