Klenerman L. A history of osteomyelitis from the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1948 to 2006. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2007;89:667–70.
Lew DP, Waldvogel FA. Osteomyelitis. Lancet. 2004;364:369–79.
Schuknecht BF, Carls FR, Valavanis A, Sailer HF. Mandibular osteomyelitis:evaluation and staging in 18 patients, using magnetic resonance imaging computed tomography and conventional radiographs. J Cranio-Maxillofacial Surg. 1997;25:24–33.
Love C, Palestro CJ. Nuclear medicine imaging of bone infections. Clin Radiol. 2016;71:632–46.
Rohlin M. Diagnostic value of bone scintigraphy in osteomyelitis of the mandible. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1993;75:650–7.
Kaneda T, Minami M, Ozawa K, Akimoto Y, Utsunomiya T, Yamamoto H, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging of osteomyelitis in the mandible: comparative study with other radiologic modalities. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endodontol. 1995;79:634–40.
Lee K, Kaneda T, Mori S, Minami M, Motohashi J, Yamashiro M. Magnetic resonance imaging of normal and osteomyelitis in the mandible: assessment of short inversion time inversion recovery sequence. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endodontol. 2003;96:499–507.
Qi WX, Tang LN, He AN, Yao Y, Shen Z. Risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw in cancer patients receiving denosumab: a meta-analysis of seven randomized controlled trials. Int J Clin Oncol. 2014;19:403–10.
Khan AA, Morrison A, Hanley DA, Felsenberg D, McCauley LK, O’Ryan F, et al. Diagnosis and management of osteonecrosis of the jaw: a systematic review and international consensus. J Bone Miner Res. 2015;30:3–23.
Hinson AM, Smith CW, Siegel ER, Stack BC Jr. Is bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw an infection? A histological and microbiological ten-year summary. Int J Dentist. 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/452737.
Stockmann P, Hinkmann FM, Lell MM, Fenner M. Panoramic radiograph, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Which imaging technique should be preferred in bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw? A prospective clinical study. Clin Oral Invest. 2010;14:311–7.
Berg B-J, Mueller AA, Augello M, Berg S, Jaquiery C. Imaging in patients with bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ). Dent J. 2016. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj4030029.
Ünal SN, Birinci H, Baktiroglu, Cantez S. Comparison of Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate, Tc-99m human immune globulin, and Tc-99m—labeled white blood cell scintigraphy in the diabetic foot. Clin Nuclear Med. 2001;26:1016–1021.
Okamoto Y. Accumulation of technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate: conditions affecting adsorption to hydroxyapatite. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endodontol. 1995;80:115–9.
Mays CW. Bone-seeking radionuclides. Science. 1968. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.161.3843.814.
Ferrater MB, Perdigó MS, Borrós GC, Bruix SA, Clarke FD, Llongarriu ET, et al. Bone scintigraphy and radiolabeled white blood cell scintigraphy for the diagnosis of mandibular osteomyelitis. Clin Nucl Med. 2011;36:273–6.
Termaat MF, Raijmakers PGHM, Scholten HJ, Bakker FC, Patka P, Haarman HJTM. The accuracy of diagnostic imaging for the assessment of chronic osteomyelitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Bone Joint Surg. 2005;187:2464–71.
Waragai M, Yamada T, Matsuda H. Evaluation of brain perfusion SPECT using an easy Z-score imaging system (eZIS) as an adjunct to early diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases. J Neurol Sci. 2007;260:57–64.
Matsuda H, Mizumura S, Nagao T, Ota T, Iizuka K, Nemoto N, et al. Automated discrimination between very early Alzheimer disease and controls using an easy Z-score imaging system for multicenter brain perfusion single-photon emission tomography. Am J Neuroradiol. 2007;28:731–6.
Yoshiura K, Hijiya T, Ariji E, Banna Sa’do, Nakayama E, Higuchi Y, et al. Radiographic patterns of osteomyelitis in the mandible plain film/CT correlation. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1994;78:116–124.
Michail M, Jude E, Liaskos C, Karamagiolis S, MakrilaOkis K, Dimitroulis D, et al. The performance of serum inflammatory markers for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with osteomyelitis. Int J Lower Extremity Wounds. 2013;12:94–9.
Jiang N, Ma YF, Jiang Y, Zhao XQ, Xie GP, Hu YJ, et al. Clinical characteristics and treatment of extremity chronic osteomyelitis in Southern China: a retrospective analysis of 394 consecutive patients. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000001874.
Palestro CJ. Radionuclide imaging of osteomyelitis. Semin Nucl Med. 2015;45:32–46.
Reinert S, Widlitzek H, Venderink DJ. The value of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of mandibular osteomyelitis. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1999;37:459–63.
Minoshima S, Koeppe RA, Frey KK, Kuhl DE. Anatomic standardization: linear scaling and nonlinear warping of functional brain images. J Nucl Med. 1994;35:1528–37.
Galasko CS. The pathological basis for skeletal scintigraphy. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1975;57:353–9.
Koizumi M, Wagatsuma K, Miyaji N, Murata T, Miwa K, Takiguchi T, et al. Evaluation of a computer-assisted diagnosis system, BONENAVI version 2, for bone scintigraphy in cancer patients in a routine clinical setting. Ann Nucl Med. 2015;29:138–48.
Watanabe S, Nakajima K, Mizokami A, Yaegashi H, Noguchi N, Kawashiri S, et al. Bone scan index of the jaw: a new approach for evaluating early-stage anti-resorptive agents-related osteonecrosis. Ann Nucl Med. 2017;31:201–10.