This study aimed to analyze the detailed three-dimensional measurements of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in Chinese adults with normal occlusion and harmonious skeleton.
In 51 subjects 102 joints were analyzed using Anatomage Invivo dental 5.4. The measurements include: joints’ parameters, position, angulation, and inclination of the condyle and articular fossa as well as 3D volumetric of the joint-spaces. All measurements were statistically analyzed by paired Student’s t test to find out the differences between the left- and right sides. Pearson correlation coefficient test was done to figure out the relationship of the TMJ parts in the normal situation.
The inter-condyle distances medially, geometrically, and laterally were 90.2 ± 5.2,107 ± 6.1, and 125 ± 5.5 mm, respectively. However, the 102 condyles were angulated on three planes 54.9º ± 11.2, 71.8º ± 7.3, and 12.5º ± 6.3 at vertical-, horizontal-, and midsagittal planes, respectively. The joint spaces measurements were 2.6 ± 0.7 mm, 2.5 ± 0.8 mm, 2.4 ± 0.7 mm, and 3.3 ± 0.7 mm for anterior-, medial-, posterior-, and superior joints, respectively. The total volume of the whole joint-space was 404.3 ± 71mm3. The left condyle position was on the centric position whereas the right condyle was eccentric (slightly anterior).
Chinese subjects are characterized by wide inter-fossa distance and inter-condyle distance; however, no significant correlations with joint spaces in normal occlusion were found. The asymmetries between right- and left mandibular condyle were distinguished in angular and linear-vertical measurements. Finally, this study could be considered as reference data for upcoming research in the Chinese population.