clinical situation was managed properly, on the basis of the existence of clear standards
of practice established over the years via a combination of clinical trials and scientific
studies. Taken together, this combination is referred to as evidence-based care, in
which diagnoses are well established and treatment procedures have been clearly delineated
and shown to be effective. For many conditions, the standards of practice are published
and endorsed by the appropriate professional organizations. Some good examples are
provided in several dental fields.
- Giannobile W.V.
- Jung R.E.
- Schwarz F.
on the aesthetics and maintenance of peri-implant soft tissues: Osteology Foundation
Consensus Report, part 1—effects of soft tissue augmentation procedures on the maintenance
of peri-implant soft tissue health.
Clin Oral Implants Res.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Staging and grading of periodontitis: framework and proposal of a new classification and case definition.
J Periodontol. 2018; 89: S159-S172
Groups of the 2nd Osteology Foundation Consensus Meeting. Evidence-based knowledge on the aesthetics and maintenance of peri-implant soft tissues: Osteology Foundation Consensus Report, part 1—effects of soft tissue augmentation procedures on the maintenance of peri-implant soft tissue health.
Clin Oral Implants Res. 2018; 29: 7-10
AAPT Diagnostic Criteria for chronic painful temporomandibular disorders.
J Pain. 2019; 20: 1276-1292
Persistent dentoalveolar pain disorder: a putative intraoral chronic overlapping pain condition.
Oral Dis. 2020; 26: 1601-1909
International Classification of Orofacial Pain (ICOP).
Cephalalgia. 2020; 2: 129-221
Diagnostic delay and suboptimal management in persistent idiopathic facial pain and persistent dentoalveolar pain; a cross-sectional study.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2019; 127: 498-503
Chronic pain and overview or differential diagnoses of non-odontogenic orofacial pain.
Prim Dent J. 2019; 7: 71-86
Orofacial pain and toothache as the sole symptom of an acute myocardial infarction entails a major risk of misdiagnosis and death.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache. 2020; 34: 53-60
Medication treatment efficacy and chronic orofacial pain.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2016; 28: 409-421
Occlusal equilibration for the management of temporomandibular disorders.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2018; 30: 257-264
Identify and determine the metrics, hierarchy, and predictive value of all the parameters and/or methods used during endodontic diagnosis.
J Endod. 2009; 35: 1635-1644
Tooth-related pain or not?.
Headache. 2020; 60: 235-246
Outcome of primary root canal treatment: systematic review of the literature, part 2—influence of clinical factors.
Int Endod J. 2008; 41: 6-31
Outcomes of root canal treatment in Dental PBRN practices.
Gen Dent. 2010; 58: 28-36
Dent Clin North Am. 2017; 61: 235-252
Vital pulp therapy. An insight over the available literature and future expectations.
Eur Endod J. 2020; 5: 46-53
Surgical versus non-surgical endodontic re-treatment for periradicular lesions.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007; 3: CD005511
Epidemiological evaluation of the outcomes of orthograde endodontic retreatment.
J Endod. 2010; 36: 790-792
Outcomes of surgical endodontic treatment performed by a modern technique: an updated meta-analysis of the literature.
J Endod. 2013; 39: 332-339
Frequency of nonodontogenic pain after endodontic therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
J Endod. 2010; 36: 1494-1498
Peripheral and central mechanism of orofacial inflammatory pain.
Int Rev Neurbiol. 2011; 97: 179-206
Neuroplasticity and sensitization.
JADA. 2009; 140: 676-678
Atypical odontalgia: an oral neuropathic pain phenomenon.
JADA. 2011; 142: 1031-1032
Chronic orofacial pain, cognitive-emotional-motivational considerations: a narrative review.
J Oral Rehabil. 2019; 46: 1065-1070
Persistent idiopathic facial pain.
Cephalalgia. 2017; 37: 680-691
Temporomandibular disorders assessment: medicolegal considerations in the evidence-based era.
J Oral Rehabil. 2011; 38: 101-119
Diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders: an ethical analysis of current practices.
J Oral Rehabil. 2013; 40: 546-561
Dr. Greene is a clinical professor emeritus, Department of Orthodontics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.
Dr. Manfredini is a professor, Department of Biomedical Science, School of Dentistry, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
Published online: March 02, 2021
In Press Corrected Proof
Disclosures. The authors reported no disclosures.
© 2021 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the American Dental Association.
Access this article on ScienceDirect