Evaluation of three block anesthesia methods for pain management during mandibular third molar extraction: a meta-analysis.
Sci Rep. 2017; 7: 1-9
Efficacy and safety of 2% and 4% articaine for lower third molar surgery.
J Dent Res. 2015; 94: S166-S173
Review of local anaesthetic agents.
Curr Anaesth Crit Care. 2004; 15: 247-254
Comparison of anesthetic efficacy of 2 and 4 % articaine in inferior alveolar nerve block for tooth extraction: a double-blinded randomized clinical trial.
Clin Oral Investig. 2017; 21: 397-403
Local anesthetics: review of pharmacological considerations.
Anesth Prog. 2012; 59: 90-101
Complications of local anesthesia used in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2011; 23: 369-377
Retrospective review of voluntary reports of nonsurgical paresthesia in dentistry.
J Can Dent Assoc. 2009; 75: 579-585
UK dentist’s experience of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injuries in relation to routine dental procedures: why, when and how often?.
Br Dent J. 2013; 214: 633-642
Nerve injury caused by mandibular block analgesia.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006; 35: 437-443
The efficacy and safety of articaine versus lignocaine in dental treatments: a meta-analysis.
J Dent. 2010; 38: 307-317
Anesthetic efficiency of articaine versus lidocaine in the extraction of lower third molars: a meta-analysis and systematic review.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019; 77: 18-28
Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: the PRISMA statement.
Int J Surg. 2010; 8: 336-341
Higgins JPT, Green S, eds. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Version 5.1.0. The Cochrane Collaboration. Available at: https://handbook-5-1.cochrane.org/. Updated March 2011. Accessed September 2, 2020.
Meta-analysis in clinical trials.
Control Clin Trials. 1986; 7: 177-188
Meta-analyses involving cross-over trials: methodological issues.
Int J Epidemiol. 2002; 31: 140-149
Immediate reaction to articaine.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2013; 41: 127-128
Articaine vs. lidocaine.
J Calif Dent Assoc. 2007; 35 ()
Effects of lidocaine and articaine on neuronal survival and recovery.
Anesth Prog. 2018; 65: 82-88
Nerve injury caused by mandibular block analgesia.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006; 35: 876-877
Articaine hydrochloride is a safe and effective local anesthetic.
J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2001; 1: 119-120
The cardiovascular effect of local anesthesia with articaine plus 1:200,000 adrenalin versus lidocaine plus 1:100,000 adrenalin in medically compromised cardiac patients: a prospective, randomized, double blinded study.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008; 105: 725-730
A comparison of articaine and lidocaine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks.
J Endod. 2005; 31: 265-270
Articaine hydrochloride: a study of the safety of a new amide local anesthetic.
JADA. 2001; 132: 177-185
The evaluation of changes in blood glucose level by the effect of dental local anaesthetics during oral surgery.
Gazi Med J. 2000; 11: 165-169
Alterations in monitored vital constants induced by various local anesthetics in combination with different vasoconstrictors in the surgical removal of lower third molars.
Bull Group Int Rech Sci Stomatol Odontol. 2000; 42: 1-10
Pulsioxymetry monitorization during lower third molar extraction: a comparative study of three local anesthetics with epinephrine 1:100,000.
Med Oral. 2001; 6: 195-204
Double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial on analgesic efficacy of local anesthetics articaine and bupivacaine after impacted third molar extraction.
Clin Oral Investig. 2018; 22: 2981-2988
Articaine versus lidocaine for third molar surgery: a randomized clinical study.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012; 17: e140-e145
A randomized study of 4% articaine versus 2% lignocaine for surgical removal of the third molar.
Drug Invent Today. 2019; 12: 632-635
Plasma variations in stress markers: clinical trial of two anesthetics used in regional block in the extraction of impacted inferior third molars.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2014; 19: 274-279
Influence of local anesthethics with adrenalina 1:100.000 in basic vital constants during third molar surgery.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008; 13: 431-437
Hemodynamic changes comparing lidocaine HCl with epinephrine and articaine HCl with epinephrine.
J Craniofac Surg. 2012; 23: 1703-1708
Hemodynamic changes comparing 2% lidocaine and 4% articaine with epinephrine 1:100,000 in lower third molar surgery.
J Craniofac Surg. 2012; 23: 1204-1211
4% lidocaine versus 4% articaine for inferior alveolar nerve block in impacted lower third molar surgery.
J Dent Anesth Pain Med. 2017; 17: 29-35
Comparison of anesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine with 2% lignocaine in surgical extraction of mandibular third molars: a double blinded randomised controlled trial.
Int J Curr Res. 2016; 8: 39066-39070
4% Articaine and 2% lignocaine for surgical removal of third molar by mandibular nerve block: a randomized clinical trial for efficacy and safety.
J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2019; 18: 405-411
Articaine for surgical removal of impacted third molar: a comparison with lignocaine.
J Int Oral Health. 2013; 5: 48-53
Comparative study of the anesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine versus 2% lidocaine in inferior alveolar nerve block during surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2007; 12: 139-144
Comparative study of two local anesthetics in the surgical extraction of mandibular third molars: bupivacaine and articaine.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011; 16: e390-e396
Articaine and mepivacaine efficacy in postoperative analgesia for lower third molar removal: a double-blind, randomized, crossover study.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006; 102: 169-174
A comparison of the clinical anesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine and 0.5% bupivacaine (both with 1:200,000 epinephrine) for lower third molar removal.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008; 106: 19-28
Anesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine versus 2% lignocaine during the surgical removal of the third molar: a comparative prospective study.
Anesth Essays Res. 2016; 10: 356-361
Efficacy of 4% articaine and 2% lidocaine: a clinical study.
J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2013; 12: 3-10
Evaluation of the anaesthetic properties and tolerance of 1:100,000 articaine versus 1:100,000 lidocaine: a comparative study in surgery of the lower third molar.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012; 17: e345-e351
Comparative study of the efficacy of 4% articaine vs 2% lidocaine in surgical removal of bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars.
J Contemp Dent Pract. 2018; 19: 743-748
Comparative split-mouth study of the anesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine versus 0.5% bupivacaine in impacted mandibular third molar extraction.
J Clin Exp Dent. 2013; 5: 66-71
Bupivacaine 0.5% versus articaine 4% for the removal of lower third molars: a crossover randomized controlled trial.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012; 17: 462-468
Does articaine, rather than lidocaine, increase the risk of nerve damage when administered for inferior alveolar nerve blocks in patients undergoing local anaesthesia for dental treatment? A mini systematic review of the literature.
Br Dent J. 2019; 226: 213-223
Permanent nerve damage from inferior alveolar nerve blocks: a current update.
J Calif Dent Assoc. 2012; 40: 795-797
Injectable local anaesthetic agents for dental anaesthesia.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018; 7: CD006487
An update on local anesthetics in dentistry.
J Can Dent Assoc. 2002; 68: 546-551