Home Dental Radiology Sialo-cutaneous fistula with ectopic submandibular gland sialolith, revealing a hidden ipsilateral enlarged and elongated styloid process: a consideration based on CT findings

Sialo-cutaneous fistula with ectopic submandibular gland sialolith, revealing a hidden ipsilateral enlarged and elongated styloid process: a consideration based on CT findings

by adminjay


  • 1.

    Ledesma-Montes C, Garces-Ortiz M, Salcido-Garcia JF. Giant sialolith: case report and review of the literature. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:128.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 2.

    Oteri G, Procopio R, Cicciu M. Giant salivary gland calculi (GSGC): report of two cases. Open Dent J. 2011;5:90–5.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 3.

    Lustmann J, Regev E, Melamed Y. Sialolithiasis: a survey on 245 patients and a review of the literature. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1990;19:135–8.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 4.

    Bodner L. Giant salivary gland calculi: diagnostic imaging and surgical management. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2002;94:320–3.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 5.

    Abdeen BE, Khen MA. An unusual large submandibular gland calculus: a case report. Smile Dental J. 2010;5:14–7.


    Google Scholar
     

  • 6.

    Kraaij S, Karagozoglu KH, Forouzanfar T, Veerman EGI, Brand HS. Salivary stones: symptoms, aetiology, biochemical composition and treatment. Br Dent J. 2014;217(11):E23.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 7.

    Cherrick HM, Wood N. Pits, fistulae and draining lesions. In: Wood N, Goaz PW, editors. Differential diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial lesions, 5th ed. Missouri: Mosby; 1997. p.217–24.

  • 8.

    Kumar RVK, Devireddy SK, Gali RS, Chaithanyaa N, Chakravarthy C, Kumarvelu C. Cutaneous sinuses of cervicofacial region: a clinical study of 200 cases. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2012;11:411–5.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 9.

    Siddiqui SJ. Sialolithiasis: an unusually large submandibular salivary stone. Br Dent J. 2002;193:89–91.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 10.

    Leite TC, Blei V, de Oliveira DP, Robaina TF, Rangel Janini ME, Meirelles V Jr. Giant asymptomatic sialolithiasis. Int J Oral Med Sci. 2011;10:175–8.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 11.

    Williams MF. Sialolithiasis. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1999;32:819–34.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 12.

    Sutay S, Erdag TK, Ikiz AO, Guneri EA. Large submandibular gland calculus with perforation of the floor of the mouth. Otolaryngol Neck Surg. 2003;128(4):587–8.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 13.

    Rauso R, Gherardini G, Biondi P, Tartaro G, Colella G. A case of a giant submandibular gland calculus perforating the floor of the mouth. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012;91:E-25–7.


    Google Scholar
     

  • 14.

    Kasat V, Mahindra U, Saluja H. Giant sialolith in the Wharton’s duct causing sialo-oral fistula: a case report and review of literature. J Orofac Sci. 2012;4(2):137.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 15.

    Kurtoglu G, Durmusoglu M, Ecevit MC. Submandibular sialolithiasis perforating the floor of mouth: a case report. Turkish Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015;53:35–7.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 16.

    Parkar MI, Vora MM, Bhanushali D. A large sialolith perforating the Wharton’s duct: review of literature and a case report. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2012;11:477–82.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 17.

    Kieliszak CR, Gill A, Faiz M, Joshi AS. Submandibular ductal fistula: an obstacle to sialendoscopy. JAMA Otolaryngol Neck Surg. 2015;141(4):373–6.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 18.

    Karengera D, Yousefpour A, Reychler H. Unusual elimination of a salivary calculus. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1998;27:224–5.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 19.

    Drage NA, Brown JE, Makdissi J, Townend J. Migrating salivary stones: report of three cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;43:180–2.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 20.

    Almasri MA. Management of giant intraglandular submandibular sialolith with neck fistula. Ann Dent. 2005;12(1):41–6.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 21.

    Salikumar K, Gopakumar KP, Divya GM, Sindhu BS. An unusual sequel of submandibular gland calculus—a case report. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;58:303–4.


    Google Scholar
     

  • 22.

    Rangappa V, Soumya M, Steenivas V. Salivary fistula with a calculus! Int J Head Neck Surg. 2014;5:96–8.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 23.

    Singh R, Bhagat S, Singh B. Submandibular gland sialolithiasis presenting as fistula in the neck a case report. Austin J Otolaryngol. 2015;2:1040.


    Google Scholar
     

  • 24.

    Kusunoki T, Homma H, Kidokoro Y, Yanai A, Hara S, Kobayashi Y, To M, Wada R, Ikeda K. Cervical fistula caused by submandibular sialolithiasis. Clin Pract. 2017;7(4):985–8.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 25.

    Pirkl I, Filipovic B, Goranovic T, Simunjak B. Large tonsillolith associated with the accessory duct of the ipsilateral submandibular gland: support for saliva stasis hypothesis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2015;44(8):20150090.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 26.

    Panuganti BA, Baldassarre RL, Bykowski J, Husseman J. Chronic sialadenitis with sialolithiasis associated with parapharyngeal fistula and tonsillolith. Radiol Case Rep. 2017;12:519–22.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 27.

    Jayachandran S, Bakyalakshmi K, Singh K. Giant submandibular sialolith presenting with sialocutaneous and sialo-oral fistula—a case report and review of literature. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol. 2011;23:491–4.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 28.

    Gaur U, Choudhry R, Anand C, Choudhry S. Submandibular gland with multiple ducts. Surg Radiol Anat. 1994;16:439–40.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 29.

    Gododia A, Seith A, Neyaz Z, Sharma R, Thakkar A. Magnetic resonance identification of an accessory submandibular duct and gland: an unusual variant. J Laryngol Otol. 2007;121:e18.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 30.

    Kuroyanagi N, Kinoshita H, Machida J, Suzuki S, Yamada Y. Accessory duct in the submandibular gland. Asian J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;19:110–2.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 31.

    Eagle WW. Symptomatic elongated styloid process: report of two cases of styloid process-carotid artery syndrome with operation. Arch Otolaryngol. 1949;49:490–501.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 32.

    Keur JJ, Campbell JP, McCarthy JF, Ralph WJ. The clinical significance of the elongated styloid process. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1986;61:399–404.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 33.

    Murtagh RD, Caracciolo JT, Fernandez G. CT findings associated with Eagle syndrome. Am J Neuroradiol. 2001;22:1401–2.

    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 34.

    Norman JED. The natural history of lithogenesis and sialolithiasis, acute sial sepsis and sialoadenitis. In: Norman JED, McGurk M, editors. Color atlas and text of the salivary glands. Diseases, disorders and surgery. London: Mosby-Wolfe; 1995. p. 252–262.


    Google Scholar
     

  • 35.

    Som PM, Curtin HD. Parapharyngeal and masticator space lesions. In: Som PM, Curtin HD, editors. Head and neck imaging. 5th ed. St Louis: Mosby; 2011. p. 2388–2390.


    Google Scholar
     

  • 36.

    Fanibunda K, Lovelock DJ. Calcified styloid ligament: unusual pressure symptoms. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 1997;26:249–51.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 37.

    Salmons S, Bannister LH. 7.Muscle/12.Alimentary system. In: Williams PL, Bannister LH, Berry MM, Collins P, Dyson M, Dussek JE, Ferguson MWJ, editors. Gray’s anatomy. 38th ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1995. p. 806–1692.


    Google Scholar
     

  • 38.

    Steinmann EP. Styloid syndrome in abscess of an elongated process. Acta Otolaryngol. 1968;66:347–56.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • 39.

    Nitipong P, Promporn S, Daych C, Charles LH. Unveiling the hidden Eagle: acute parotitis-induced Eagle syndrome. North Am J Med Sci. 2014;6(2):102–4.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     



  • Source link

    Related Articles

    Leave a Comment