underrepresented populations (URPs) and women in academic medicine and dentistry is
an important contributor to the career progression of these 2 groups of professionals.
Gangwani and Kolokythas
described a lack of role models and lack of peer support as key impediments to the
progress of women in academic health care, a finding confirmed in the W. Montague
Cobb/National Medical Association Health Institute report on the plight of URPs in
There is a considerable body of evidence that both URPs and women face institutionalized
barriers in dentistry and medicine preventing career progress compared with the racial
or ethnic majority and men.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Gender gap in leadership in academic medicine and dentistry: what are the barriers—what can be done to correct it?.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019; 77: 1536-1540
The report of the W. Montague Cobb/NMA Health Institute Consensus Panel on the plight of underrepresented minorities in medical education.
J Natl Med Assoc. 2018; 110: 614-623
Women’s leadership in academic medicine: a systematic review of extent, condition and interventions.
BMJ Open. 2020; 10e032232
Where are the rest of us? Improving representation of minority faculty in academic medicine.
South Med J. 2014; 107: 739-744
Role models and professional development in dentistry: an important resource—the views of early career stage dentists at one academic health science centre in England.
Eur J Dent Educ. 2018; 22: e81-e87
Mentoring programs for underrepresented minority faculty in academic medical centers: a systematic review of the literature.
Acad Med. 2013; 88: 541-549
Academic ranks and medical schools of underrepresented minority faculty in family medicine departments.
Acad Med. 2002; 77: 173-176
Leadership diversity in prosthodontics: number of women and nonwhite individuals serving as president of selected prosthodontic organizations in the last 20 years.
J Prosthet Dent. 2020; (S0022-3913(20)30360-30367)
Factors contributing to the success of NIH-designated underrepresented minorities in academic and nonacademic research positions.
CBE Life Sci Educ. 2018 Jun; 17: ar32
Women’s health and women’s leadership in academic medicine: hitting the same glass ceiling?.
J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2008; 17: 1453-1462
Exploring professional development for new investigators underrepresented in the federally funded biomedical research workforce.
Ethn Dis. 2019; 29: 123-128
Strategies for attracting women and underrepresented minorities in urology.
Curr Urol Rep. 2019; 20: 61
The proportion of male and female editors in women’s health journals: a critical analysis and review of the sex gap.
Int J Womens Dermatol. 2019; 6: 7-12
Women underrepresented on editorial boards of 60 major medical journals.
Gend Med. 2011; 8: 378-387
Have women broken the glass ceiling in North American dental leadership?.
Adv Dent Res. 2019; 30: 78-84
Leadership diversity in prosthodontics: the number and percentage of women speakers at recent annual scientific meetings of prosthodontic organizations.
J Prosthet Dent. 2020; 123: 461-465
National Commission on Recognition of Dental Specialties and Certifying Boards of the American Dental Association. Recognized national dental specialty organizations.
Supply and profile of dentists. 2020.
Dr. Phasuk is the director and a clinical assistant professor, School of Dentistry, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN.
Mr. Kattadiyil is a professor and the director, School of Dentistry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA.
Dr. Mutluay is a clinical professor and the chair in prosthodontics, Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; a chief dentist, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland; and a senior researcher, Department of Restorative Dentistry and Cariology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
Published online: November 07, 2020
In Press Corrected Proof
Disclosure. None of the authors reported any disclosures.
Commentaries represent the opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the American Dental Association.
© 2020 American Dental Association. All rights reserved.
Access this article on ScienceDirect